Sources for Summer 2014 Jackson County Historical Society Journal

A Hometown Friendship that Changed the World

The matchless collection of letters, documents, interviews, and images held by the Harry S. Truman Library and Museum in Independence made it possible to tell the story of the friendship of Harry and Eddie and the impact it had on the decision of the United States to support the creation of the nation of Israel. For this article, the author did research in the following collections:

The Truman Papers, including Senatorial, Presidential, and Post-Presidential

  • President’s Secretary’s Files
  • Clark M. Clifford Papers
  • Jonathan Daniels Papers
  • George M. Elsey Papers
  • Tom L. Evans Papers    
  • A.J. Granoff Papers    
  • Eddie Jacobson Papers
  • David K. Niles Papers

In addition, the author is indebted to archivists and researchers who conducted oral history interviews with a number of the principals in the years after these events occurred and made those transcripts available at the Library. In particular, the author benefited from the following:

  • Oral History Interviews with Elinor Borenstine and Gloria Shusterman, daughters of Eddie Jacobson, in March 2010 by Ray Geselbracht of the Library.
  • Oral History Interview with Clark M. Clifford, April 13, 1971, by Jerry N. Hess of the Library.
  • Interviews with Gloria Shusterman, Elinor Borenstine, and Loeb Granoff, son of A. J. Granoff, in July and November 2004 by Daniel J. Fellman for his rabbinical thesis, An American Friendship: A Critical Examination of the Life of Eddie Jacobson and His Relationship with President Harry S. Truman.

For a broader look at the history and events in Palestine and the United States during the years covered by this article, the following books were useful:

Catherwood, Christopher. Churchill’s Folly: How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2004.

Judis, John B. Genesis:  Truman, American Jews, and the Origins of the Arab/Israeli Conflict. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014.

Karabell, Zachary. The Last Campaign: How Harry Truman Won the 1948 Election. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Karsh, Efraim and Inari.  Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1922. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Krämer, Gudrun.  A History of Palestine: From the Ottoman Conquest to the Founding of the State of Israel. Princeton, N. J.:  Princeton University Press, 2008.

Kurzman, Dan. Genesis 1948: The First Arab-Israeli War. New York: The New American Library, 1970.

McDonald, James G. Advocate for the Doomed: The Diaries and Papers of. James G. McDonald. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2007.

Miller, Aaron David. The Much Too Promised Land: America’s Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace. New York: Bantam Dell, 2009.

Radosh, Allis and Ronald. A Safe Haven: Harry S. Truman and the Founding of Israel. New York: HarperCollins, 2009.

Schneer, Jonathan. The Balfour Declaration:  The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Random House, 2010.

International Commerce, Regional Conflict and the Search for Identity

This journal article relies on the following which are recommended as source works for additional information and reading:

Barry, Louise. The Beginning of the West: Annals of the Kansas Gateway to the American West, 1540–1854. Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society, 1972.

Curtis, Annette W.  Jackson County, Missouri in Black and White—Volume 2:  Jabez Smith:  His Slaves. Plantations, Estate, and Heirs.  By the author, 1997; printed by Two Trails Publishing, Independence, Missouri, 1998.

Karnes Thomas L. William Gilpin: Western Nationalist. Austin: University Of Texas Press, 1970.
New York Times, April 5, 1860:  “From Independence, Mo; Rebuilding of the Burnt District [and] Indignation at Gov. Stewart's Railroad Veto.

O’Brien, William Patrick. Merchants of Independence:  International Trade on the Santa Fe Trail 1827-1860.  Kirksville, Mo.; Truman State University Press, 2014.

Ordinances of Independence, Mo., Book A, Ordinances 1852: Slaves Out at Night & Co. secs.1–3, p. 44.

Smith, Henry Nash. Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth. (Cambridge, MA: 1950) Copyright 1950 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College, 4th ed.) 1975.

Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking” Concord Lyceum, April 23, 1851, published posthumously in the Atlantic Monthly, 1862.

Unrau, William E.  Mixed-Bloods and Tribal Dissolution:  Charles Curtis and the Quest for Indian Identity Lawrence:  University of Kansas Press, 1989.

Waugh, Alfred S.  Travels in Search of the Elephant:  The Wanderings of Alfred S. Waugh, Artist, in Louisiana, Missouri, and Santa Fe, in 1845-1846.  John Francis McDermott, ed.   (Saint Louis:  Missouri Historical Society, 1951).

William McCoy to Ellen Waddle, July 24, 1838, as quoted in  Merchants of Independence, p. 119.

For additional East Indian influences in 19th and 20th century American culture see

Gerald Nicosia, Memory Babe:  A Critical Biography of Jack Kerouac (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), 450-51, 457-59

For studies involving the importance of marriage and familial networks in western trade and economics see:

Hyde, Anne F. Empires, Nations, and Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860, (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.

Thorne, Tanis C.  The Many Hands of My Relations:  French and Indians on the Lower Missouri.   Columbia:  University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Tobias, Henry J.  A History of the Jews in New Mexico.  Albuquerque:  University of New Mexico Press, 1990.

Van Kirk, Sylvia. Many Tender Ties:  Women in Fur Trade Society, 1670-1870.  Norman:  University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.